Winston Country, Al

In To Kill a Mockingbird, Miss Caroline Fisher introduces herself by saying, "This says I am Miss Caroline Fisher. I am from North Alabama, Winston County. (When Alabama seceded from the Union on January 11, 1861, Winston County seceded from Alabama, and every child in Maycomb County knew it)" (Lee 16).

external image Winston_County_Alabama.pngMap of Alabama (Winston County is in red.)

The article "Winston County, Alabama" states that during the American Civil War, when Alabama seceded from the Union, Winston county refused to join the Confederacy and declared itself the Repbulic of Winston. The county felt that if Alabama could seced from the Union, that Winston could seced from Alabama. Today it is popularly know as "The Free State of Winston ("Winston County, Alabama")."According to "Republic of Winston," Christopher Sheats, a school teacher, and Winston County's secession representative, refused to sign Alabama's ordinance of secession and found himself arrested. After being arrested he became a leader of a pro-neutrality group. Once the residents of Winston County refused to join the Confederate Army or Confederate Home Guard they were not tolerated by the state authorities. The first idea of independance from Alabama grew out of many meetings at a local building called Looney's Tavern. For four years the area was raided by Confederate Home Guard troops and guerrillas raided it but never successfully took over. The county remained a free state until the end of the war, when they became a bastion of the Republic Party, even after the Democratic Party returned to power in the re-uniting of the United States ("Rebpublic of Winston").

Works Cited

Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. Warner Books New York: 1960.

"Republic of Winston." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 16 April 2007. 19 April 2007 <>

"Winston County, Alabama." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 11 April 2007. 19 April 2007.

by Crawford C. and Maggie S.